Centro de Investigaciones Económicas - CINVE

Working Papers
  • Case Study Analysis for Chile Innovation in Services * Short Version

    Roberto Alvarez, Claudio Bravo, Andrés Zahler, Leonardo Muñoz


       Introduction “The service sector is increasingly important in Latin America, accounting currently for more than 60 percent of the continent’s GDP (IADB, 2012). However, despite its size, services is the sector with the largest productivity gap with respect to the technological frontier, namely the US (IADB, 2010). On the other hand there is vast evidence that innovation activities have extremely high social returns in developing economies, making it possible to transform these activities in a powerful engine of economic growth. Thus, boosting innovation in services seems to be central…

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  • Impact Evaluation of Innovation Programs in the Chilean Services Sector

    Roberto Alvarez, Claudio Bravo, Andrés Zahler


    Abstract This paper evaluates the impact of overall participation in innovation public programs on the performance of firms in the services industry. Using information from four innovation surveys carried out between 2005 and 2011, we find that that these programs have not been associated with improvements in innovation performance neither have contributed to alleviate financial constraints. Our findings hold across industries and firm size and also to the utilization of alternatives methodologies. However, there is some evidence of positive effects in some variables and for some industries in particular. Our…

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  • Biotechnology services in Latin America by small and medium enterprises A study of Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay

    Jorge Niosi, Tomas Gabriel Bas


    Executive summary This paper is about a specific type of Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS), namely R&D services in biotechnology, and their growth in four Latin American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay. Like other emerging and developing countries, the four countries in the Southern Cone are slowly adopting biotechnology. Well over a hundred dedicated biotechnology firms are already providing services in the region, from R&D to bioinformatics, to gene identification and stem cell databank storage services.  We interviewed some 23 firms in the region, as well as a few…

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  • Public Service Delivery in Basic Education: Institutional Arrangements, Governance and School Results in Chile and Uruguay.


    Denise Vaillant, María Ester Mancebo, Cecilia Llambí, Leticia Piñeyro y Gabriela González. GDN Working Paper No. 85, September 2013. Global Development Network. This research is based on an international comparative study that sought to analyze the effects of educational governance on the quality of basic education in two Latin-American countries: Uruguay and Chile. Educational governance is operationalized using four factors: (i) decentralization, (ii) accountability, (iii) provision and financing, and (iv) incentives. The comparison between Chile and Uruguay is extremely relevant as the relative similarity between the two countries in terms…

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  • Persistencia inflacionaria y pass through salarial: diagnóstico y causalidad

    Magdalena Dominguez, Bibiana Lanzilotta, Santiago Rego, Paola Regueira y Silvia Rodriguez


    Resumen: La formación de precios y la persistencia inflacionaria son elementos claves para el correcto diagnóstico de las presiones y las decisiones derivadas de política monetaria en pos de la estabilidad de precios. En economías como la uruguaya es clave entender el rol del traslado de salarios a precios para poder comprender y analizar tanto los cambios como la dinámica de la inercia inflacionaria. Este artículo estudia la causalidad entre persistencia inflacionaria y la dinámica del traslado a precios de los salarios en Uruguay desde fines de los 90 hasta…

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  • Assessing the impact of the global financial and economic crisis in developing countries: the case of Uruguay.


    Carmen Estrades y Cecilia Llambí. PEP MPIA Working Paper No. 2011-16. This paper uses a static computable general equilibrium model (CGE) linked to a microsimulation model to analyze how the global crisis and some adopted policy responses may have affected the Uruguayan economy. The focus is on the trade channel and foreign capital flows, since they are the most important mechanisms through which the global crisis affected the Uruguayan economy. The crisis had a strong impact on exports and fixed investment. Poorest households would be the most affected, as they…

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